Tansley annoying, as shown especially when he mentions that no one is going to the lighthouse 7. Then later, during the gathering, pity turns to empathy as she realizes that Mr.
Using Quotations | Writing Advice
Tansley must feel inferior. He must know, Mrs. Finally, by the end of the dinner scene, she feels some attraction to Mr.
She liked his awkwardness. In observing this evolution in her attitude, we learn more about Mrs. Ramsey than we do about Mr.
Using Literary Quotations
The change in Mrs. Ramsey is fickle or confused; rather it is used to show her capacity for understanding both the frailty and complexity of human beings. This is a central characteristic of Mrs. Quoting is only one of several ways to present textual material as evidence.
How much should I quote?
You can also refer to textual data, summarize, and paraphrase. You will often want merely to refer or point to passages as in the third sentence in the above example paragraph that contribute to your argument. In other cases, you will want to paraphrase, i. Summarize or paraphrase when it is not so much the language of the text that justifies your position, but the substance or content. Similarly, after you have decided that you want to quote material, quote only the portions of the text specifically relevant to your point.
Think of the text in terms of units—words, phrases, sentences, and groups of sentences paragraphs, stanzas —and use only the units you need. It is permissible to quote an entire sentence between two sentences of your own , but in general you should avoid this method of bringing textual material into your discussion. Instead, use one of the following patterns:. Introduce a quotation either by indicating what it is intended to show, by naming its source, or by doing both. Do not use two quotations in a row without intervening text of your own. You should always be contextualizing all of your outside material with your own ideas, and if you let quotes build up without a break, readers will lose track of your argument.
Using the correct verb tense is a tricky issue. But events in a narrative or drama take place in a time sequence. You will often need to use a past tense to refer to events that took place before the moment you are presently discussing. Consider this example:. If for the sake of brevity you wish to omit material from a quoted passage, use ellipsis points three spaced periods to indicate the omission.
Notice how in the paragraph about To the Lighthouse , above, the writer quoted only those portions of the original sentences that related to the point of the analysis. When quoting, you may alter grammatical forms such as the tense of a verb or the person of a pronoun so that the quotation conforms grammatically to your own prose; indicate these alterations by placing square brackets around the changed form. Reproduce the spelling, capitalization, and internal punctuation of the original exactly. Of the following sentences presenting D.
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You may alter the closing punctuation of a quotation in order to incorporate it into a sentence of your own. For example:.
Commas and periods go inside the closing quotation marks; the other punctuation marks go outside. Although you should have a citation involved as well, it is important to make it clear to the reader that the ideas you are presenting are those of someone else. Include bibliographic information at the end of the paper. A "Works Cited" page, or other bibliographic source page, is used at the end of the paper to list full publishing information on each quoted source. It depends on the required format.
The example uses MLA which requires the author and page number in parentheses following the quote with the full citation listed on a separate sheet as a bibliography. Other styles require different citations. Yes No. Not Helpful 0 Helpful In the body of a thesis paper, how many quotes should be used in each paragraph? You could use around one to two quotes per paragraph.
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This keeps them on topic and keeps the paragraphs from becoming too long. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 4. Should I discuss the quote in my paper before or after the quoted lines? You need to lead into the quote and then follow up with additional information. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 1. Include the source of publication, title, link of retrieving information etc. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 0. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Tips Keep a list of quotations as you take research notes, and star your favorites to return later. Watch for quotations that are quoted by other researchers again and again. Often secondary material will give you hints to finding the best parts of the primary sources. Quote the opposition so that you can directly pick apart their argument. It's easier to argue against someone if you're using exactly what they said and pointing out its flaws. Otherwise, the opposition can claim that you simply twisted their meaning.
Rely on their words and attack directly. Be very careful when copying quotations down. Don't think you'll remember that something is a direct quote without using quotation marks in your notes. Make sure you copy exactly, not how you'll write it in the paper. You can edit later. Warnings Don't let a research paper become a sea of he-said, she-said.
While you want to set up the arguments that have been made on both sides in the past, you also want to make a compelling argument for yourself. Rephrasing, re-organizing an argument, and synthesizing different arguments in your own words makes it clear that you understand what you've researched and makes the paper interesting to read. The reader is searching for a new way to understand the research or a new idea.
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Too many quotes tend to bury the lead. Don't rely too heavily on one source. It's easy to fall in love with a single book when doing research, particularly if there aren't a lot of books on the subject and one author particularly agrees with you. Try to limit how much you quote that author, particularly if a lot of your argument is relying on his or her groundwork already.
Look for quotations that complement or challenge that person, and provide your own analysis. Don't be a sloppy note-taker. Unfortunately, accidental plagiarism is all too common, and it has serious consequences. You may not have meant to plagiarize, but if you write someone else's words down without indicating that you are using a direct quotation, you are plagiarizing whether it was intentional or not after all, merely relying on lecture notes and not on your own research is lazy and not acknowledging direct quotes as you take notes from texts reflects poor organization.
Always indicate quotations in your notes. It's also better to write down a lot of quotations and then paraphrase them later than to write down a paraphrased version.